The coffee tree belongs to the genus Coffea, of which there are many species, however the two most common beans used for coffee consumption are the Arabica and Robusta. These two species are quite different and knowing their differences could be very helpful when it comes to choosing your coffee.
- Arabica coffee originates from East & Central America, India and Indonesia.
- Grown in higher altitudes
- Arabica coffee is mostly used in fresh coffee. Due to its delicate flavor, it offers a balanced aroma with a sweet and smoother taste.
- Naturally lower in caffeine and have more fats and sugars
- It is considered higher grade, more expensive and primarily preferred over Robusta.
- You can have a 100% Arabica cup of coffee.
- Robusta coffee originates from Africa, Southwest Asia, India and Indonesia
- Grown in lower altitudes
- In contrast to the Arabica, Robusta have a more earthy flavour and heavier body with tastes more bitter, bold and rough.
- Contains twice as much caffeine as Arabica, giving it the slight bitter taste.
- Cheaper beans and used in most instant coffees
- You cannot have a cup of coffee made of 100% Robusta; you need to blend it with Arabica beans.